Below is a paper I wrote recently on Libya. The entire paper is embedded below but I've
also included the first paragraph below.
Of note, this paper includes a term that I coined: suffertocracy. This is a term where leader-
ship or cabinent members are not selected on merit but on how much they suffered in the struggle for independence or power. The degree of suffering is equated with level of legitimacy. The idea of a suffertocracy is not distinctive of the post-conflict Libya but has emerged throughout the history of conflict in Africa.